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    时间:2016-10-27来源:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 本文已影响
    相关热词搜索:英文 美国 论文 军事 军事论文英文题目 军事战争的英文论文 有关军事的英语论文 篇一:二战后英美对比英语论文(内容为英语) 摘 要 实力的消长,国家的兴衰不可避免,国际关系的格局和中心舞台也就随之改变。二战后,西欧国家百废待兴。法西斯德国、日本成为战败国,法国和英国受到严重削弱,欧洲的政治中心地位基本丧失。美国大发战争横财,经济、军事实力膨胀,成为资本主义世界的头号强国,资本主义世界由“英国时代”走进“美国世纪”。 关键词:英国 美国 崛起 工业革命 二战 霸权主义Abstract The strength of the growth and decline, the rise and fall of a nation is unavoidable, international relationship and center stage will change. After World War II, a thousand things wait to be done for the countries of Western Europe. The fascist Germany, Japan was defeated , France and Britain were severely weakened, European political center was basically lost. The American harvested bumpus windfall from the war, and expanded economy, military strength , to become number one power in the capitalist world, capitalist world by"Britain times" into the" American century",. Key words: American, Britain, rise, the industrial revolution,World War II,hegemonism 1 The main Topic of the thesis Before the World War II ,world hegemony has belonged to the Britain ,but after The World War II, the British world domination was replaced by the United States, this is why? 2 The Reasons of the Britain's Decline , the rise of American after the world war II First of all, the English Industrial Revolution has basically come to the end. After the eighteen seventies, Britain gradually lost the industrial monopoly. , The rising Germany and the United States of America gradually catch up with and surpassed Britain. After the completion of the industrial revolution, the science and technology become the core of competitive .According to the United States this is an advantage. Why? Because the United States was developed on the basis of the industrialization in the Britian and other old industrial powers . Secondly, battlegrounds of the World War II did not take place in the territory of the United States, but Britain has become the main theatre of the European battlefield. Wartime destruction has virtually enormously hindered to the economic development of Britain , At the same time, the United States also seized the opportunity to develop their own economy. During this period, Europe has been the main battlefield of the Soviet Union, from Eastern Europe to France. European nations underwent serious economic stagnation. Britain and Germany also suffered heavy losses in the war. The pound lost the status of world currency,while the America , took a neutral policy in two station, standing on the shore to profit a lot from the wartime relations.The United States at the time of the variety of family integrate policy related, because the United States is a variety of color of the new ethnic composition of the free state. From the land and the resources, vigor is superior than the Britian. After the world war II the United States in order to control the world , it loaned $ to European countries ,which occupies the dominant position.Finally, because of the domestic turmoil, many scientists in Britain leave their home town to some place and the Science and technology developed slowly and straightly down . By contrast, the United States support a free and open research environment, attract creative talent around the world, promote the economic development to upgrade, domestic relatively stable economic development the United States not only military but also the development of education, promote the generation of scientists, which led to the economic development.Bibliography [1] History of the first World War,Reed Hart ( Basil H.Liddell Hart ), Niu Xianzhong, Shanghai people's Publishing House (2009-03) [2] History of the World War II,Reed Hart ( Basil H.Liddell Hart ), Niu Xianzhong, Shanghai people's Publishing House (2009-03) [3] The Industrial Revolution: change the world engine,Palmer R.R. ( R.R.Palmer ) ( author ), Jo Colden ( Joel Colton ) ( author ), Lloyd Kramer ( Lloyd Kramer ) (转载于:www.xiElw.coM 写论文 网:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台)( author ), Liu Beicheng ( co-author ), He Zhaowu ( co-author ), Luo Rongqu ( co-author ), Su Zhongyou ( translator ), Zhou Honglin ( translator ), Fan Liping ( translator ) [4] 战争风云:第二次世界大战新史, 安德鲁·罗伯茨 (作者), 李广才 (译者), 崔喆 (译者), 陈兰芳 (译者) [5] 英国简史, 史培克 (作者) [6] 美国史(1492-1997), 艾伦·布林克利(Alan Brinkley) (作者), 邵旭东 (译者) ……篇二:美国与中国民族政策比较(英语论文) A Comparative Study on Ethnic Policy between United States and China United States, as well as China, is a large country including all kinds of people. We may consider that what policy the governors choose or how they put it into practice does a significant part on maintaining the governor’s sovereignty. And a proper national policy is likely to prevent national harmony from turning into conflicts. If, comparing the National Policy with another country, Chinese or American government is able to find out the deficiencies of the policy gradually and improve it. As a country with over five thousand years old, China has fifty-six distinct ethnic groups. Han Chinese constitutes ninety-one point five one percent of the total population in China. Other fifty-five groups, which are called national minority, distribute throughout the country. According to this situation, the Chinese government has made up a series of ethnic policies and legal regulations after 1949. In order to promote the ethnics to fight for a better life and to develop our society together, the Chinese government set out some policies like guaranteeing all the ethnics are equal, combining all the ethnics and developing all the ethnics without prejudice. The Chinese Ethnic Policy is much more comprehensive than American one. It contains different regulations in different areas, like politics, economy, education, linguistics, cultures and customs and regional belief, etc. When it comes to the American Ethnic Policy, I have to say, it is not really clear. The U.S., which is called “a country made up with settlers”, has suffered a long time invaded by the European armies before it was founded. So a lot of people from different continents and countries gradually reached the mid and low attitudes in North America from the middle centuries. In the old time, racial prejudice was serious in the American society. This can be improved by a report showed in public by the American Progress in February in 1968. That American people were divided into three kinds: Caucasian, Yellow and Ethiopian. And the Caucasian’s social stage was considered the divine and inviolable. However, in the modern America, because some intelligentsias have written and published more and more theories and the concept of civilization is in vogue in the society, the racial prejudice is reducing. Then, many concepts about ethnic problems have turned out. A severe argument about Racism occurred in American societies in 1980s. As to solve the problems of racial prejudice, in 1961, the American president John F. Kennedy set up a council aims to give equal employment opportunities to all kinds of American people. And it turned into the Affirmative Action later. Although the ethnic policy in America is not as clear as in China, it was used much more strictly. The American officials comply with the related legal regulations more when judging the ethnic conflicts. In contrast, in spite of the only legal regulations about ethnic problems led by China’s Constitution, Chinese officials will sometimes judge the cases according to their willingness. But from another perspective, fifty-six ethnic groups in China are treating each other as brothers and sisters, especially facing the huge sufferings like earthquake. That is to say, it is worthy to be learned a lot that why China’s national cohesion shows an attractive to people from all over the word. One more thing, a Chinese legal called the second generation of national policy is aseal that China learns from the U.S. in solving ethnic problems. In brief, to improve the relationships of each ethnic groups and reduce and solve the ethnic conflicts, the United States has a long way to go in promoting the effectiveness of its ethnic policies. So is China. The two countries should admit the goods among each other’s ethnic polices and constantly make their own ones better. And, if being so, it must be a large progress that the United States makes efforts to reduce the racial prejudge, isn’t it? References: 1,Chinese 和龚,张山,1988/10,《中国民族历史与文化》[M],中央民族学院出版社 吴仕民,1998/7/1,《中国民族政策读本》[M],中央民族大学出版社 董小川,2006/1,《地域文明重点问题研究丛书:美国文化概论》[C],人民出版社,第122页始 Net 1 我乃野云鹤,毛祁平,姬振泉等,中华人民共和国_百度百科[Z], Net 2 佐迪剑客,伊势坐照等,第二代民族政策_百度百科[Z], 2,English Hero, R.E. & C.J. Tolbert., A Racial/Ethnic Diversity Interpretation of Politics and Policy in the States of the U.S. [J], American Journal of Political Science, ,published by Midwest Political Science Association, Page 851-871 Lieberman, R.C., 2007, Shaping Race Policy: The United States in Comparative Perspective [M]. Princeton Univ Pr Net 1 Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , Ethnic groups in China.[Z],篇三:科技英语论文 科技英语论文 广告翻译中的技巧 姓名:董龙 学号:1103020305 专业班级: 过控03 广告翻译中技巧 人类思维的共性决定了英汉两种语言之间的共同点远远超出其不同点.美国著名翻译理论家奈达(nida)通过大量调查研究,获取的材料充分证实了”一种语言能说的内容另一种语言中也能相对精确的表达出来”这一观点.但这并不意味着翻译只是从一种语言到另一种语言的词与词之间的单纯转换.所谓翻译是指从语义到文体在译语中用最切近而又最自然的对等语再现源语的信息,也就是在保持深层结构层次和不同语言间语义上的同性前提下,从组源语信息的表层形式,转换表达角度,用意语意义代替源语意义.而在经济高度国际化的今天,广告作为一种销售催化剂,已成为传播各种消息不可缺少的有力工具和手段.如何理解、欣赏并准确地翻译广告变得尤为重要.因此广告翻译中语言的贴切显得犹为重要.本文将着重从下面几个角度阐述广告翻译中技巧. 一,仿拟 仿拟赋予现成的言语形式以新的意韵,幽默诙谐,生动活泼.仿拟在广告中广为使用,他借助人们熟悉的词语,诗词,歌曲,成语,谚语等进行仿造,点化,用以宜扬口碑,扩大品牌的知名度.如下面的例子: 劝君莫失良”机”(手机广告,其中的机字用一个美观大方的手机形象的图画).配有广告词: you can never afford to lose such a chance to get the high-quality”phone”. 说明:这里英译文同样直译原文,将”phone”亦用一手机形象代替,这使广告图文并茂. 二,声色词 拟声词又称为象声词、摹声词、状声词,是摹拟自然界声响而造的词汇,是世界上所有语言都具备的成分. ,声色词在广告中经常遇见,而且一般很难很好的翻译.下面举一例子: The train clattered out of the station. 火车哐唧哐唧驶出车站。 三,修辞 为了成功地实现广告功能,即传播信息功能,劝说功能,塑造形象功能,刺激消费功能,广告作者总是特别注意修辞,总是狠下功夫巧妙地运用各种修辞手段,创造出精辟独到、生动形象、效果非凡的广告词,尤其是广告标语。广告翻译,不仅同产品信誉、销售规模和经济效息息相关,而且在一定程度上反映了国家和民族的文化素质. 第一流产品,为足下增光。(红鸟鞋油广告标语) This first –rate shoe polish adds luster to your shoes and honor to you ,our friends. 例子含有双关辞格。“足下”同时有两种意思一是指擦用红鸟鞋油之后,脚下增加不少光彩,二是对朋友的尊称,“为足下 增光”表示为您增添光彩。相应的译文是直译加意译法处理的结 晶,译得正确、巧妙,深刻揭示 了原文双关的双重意义,虽然未含双关这个修辞手段. 四,四字格 成语作为语言的重要组成部分,比起一般的词语具有明显的长处:言简意赅,结构严谨,凝练含蓄,富于哲理而又生动形象,表现力特强,有韵律节奏美。汉语成语大多由四字组成,所占比例至少在百分之九十以上。“四字格”在汉语作品中或在用汉翻译的作品中越来越频繁出现。这一现象在某种程度上反映了汉语语言和文学的一些特点。 下面的一段文字选自《简爱》、引文全文是一个问句,结构紧凑诵读起来语快而有致,表达出强烈的感情。而译文中“四字格”的恰当运用,使得情寄抑扬间,感寓节奏中. Is the wandering and sinful,but now rest-seeking and repentant ,man justified in daring the world opinion,in order to attach to him for ever this gentle ,gracious,genialstranger,there by securing his own peace of mind and regeneration of life? 译文:“这个一度浪迹天涯,罪孽深重,现在思安悔过的人,是不是有理由无视世俗的偏见,使这 位和蔼可亲,通情达理的陌生人,与他永远相依,以获得内心的平静和生命的复苏”.本  篇:《龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台》来源于:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 优秀范文,论文网站
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