• 秋天作文
  • 冬天作文
  • 雪作文
  • 雪景作文
  • 日落作文
  • 山作文
  • 大自然作文
  • 景色作文
  • 月亮作文
  • 风景作文
  • 水作文
  • 田园风光作文
  • 阳光作文
  • 风作文
  • 四季作文
  • 月球作文
  • 雾作文
  • 雨作文
  • 大海作文
  • 流星雨作文
  • 日全食作文
  • 童年读后感作文
  • 我和书的故事作文
  • 因为有了你作文
  • 我学会了什么作文
  • 我爱我的祖国作文
  • 交通安全作文
  • 祖国在我心中作文
  • 我的课余生活作文
  • 童年趣事作文
  • 给妈妈的一封信作文
  • 自我介绍作文
  • 同情作文
  • 苦难作文
  • 记忆作文
  • 关爱作文
  • 烦恼作文
  • 感恩作文
  • 尊严作文
  • 愧疚作文
  • 感谢作文
  • 谎言作文
  • 同情作文
  • 苦难作文
  • 记忆作文
  • 关爱作文
  • 烦恼作文
  • 感恩作文
  • 尊严作文
  • 愧疚作文
  • 感谢作文
  • 谎言作文
  • 孝作文
  • 误会作文
  • 完美作文
  • 痛苦作文
  • 校园生活作文
  • 保护环境作文
  • 钓鱼岛作文
  • 运动会作文
  • 战争作文
  • 辛亥革命作文
  • 健身作文
  • 七七事变作文
  • 艾滋病作文
  • 寒假作文
  • 初中生活作文
  • 毕业作文
  • 考试作文
  • 旅游作文
  • 探险作文
  • 励志作文
  • 珍爱作文
  • 独立作文
  • 奉献作文
  • 美德作文
  • 珍惜作文
  • 细节作文
  • 责任作文
  • 微笑作文
  • 幸福作文
  • 生命作文
  • 心胸宽广作文
  • 道德作文
  • 机会作文
  • 态度作文
  • 启示作文
  • 努力作文
  • 目标作文
  • 命运作文
  • 奋斗作文
  • 成熟作文
  • 成功作文
  • 坚持作文
  • 希望作文
  • 创新作文
  • 信心作文
  • 梦想作文
  • 温暖作文
  • 阅读作文
  • 网络作文
  • 劳动作文
  • 游戏作文
  • 音乐作文
  • 科技作文
  • 规则作文
  • 故宫作文
  • 经历作文
  • 竞争作文
  • 发现作文
  • 环境作文
  • 路作文
  • 观察作文
  • 校园作文
  • 书作文
  • 安全作文
  • 桥作文
  • 读书作文
  • 选择作文
  • 习惯作文
  • 亲情作文
  • 人口作文
  • 党作文
  • 和平作文
  • 声音作文
  • 人物作文
  • 心理作文
  • 动作作文
  • 对手作文
  • 自己作文
  • 父母作文
  • 外貌作文
  • xx人作文
  • 熟悉的人作文
  • 父爱作文
  • 老师作文
  • 外婆作文
  • 外公作文
  • 爷爷作文
  • 妈妈作文
  • 爸爸作文
  • 偶像作文
  • 妹妹作文
  • 弟弟作文
  • 我作文
  • 朋友作文
  • 雷锋作文
  • 同学作文
  • 姐姐作文
  • 哥哥作文
  • 龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台

    时间:2017-07-04来源:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 本文已影响
    相关热词搜索:作文 四级 人口老龄化 人口老龄化英语作文 四级翻译 人口老龄化 篇一:四级作文预测 09年6月孙进四六级冲刺作文独家预测 1、书信作文:给好朋友介绍一本好的参考书(四级要关注) 2、贫困大学生如何对待还贷问题 pay back student loans 3、既要借鉴过去,又要向前看(正确看待历史的作用,本题多次在国外考试中考查) 4、大学生上网问题 surf on the internet 5、跨世纪人才需要哪些素质 6、如何处理亚健康问题 7、描述同学吃食堂食物中毒后脱险的过程,呼吁重视食品安全 8、如何面对压力 9、人口老龄化的问题如何解决 10、应不应该鼓励私人购买汽车 11、写信:对自己晚交论文表示道歉并解释原因 12、快餐流行的原因与我对快餐的看法 13、竞争与合作哪个更重要 14、教育商业化是否正确 15、大学生就业问题 16、如何解决收入差距 17、如何获得信息(图书馆、报纸、电视、网络等) 18、大学生勤工俭学问题 19、考研或者考公务员热的原因 20、人生态度:如学会放弃,保持自信,不停进取等 1. 社会热点类话题1)网络的运用,网络是把双刃剑,说明其优势和劣势,并阐述对人际 交流的影响,信息安全问题。 2)社会上的不文明现象。 3)大学生的职业选择问题(特别是在金融危机下,如果面对) 4)食品安全问题(阐明原因以及措施) 5) 明星代言问题 2. 校园类热点话题 1)大学生宿舍的和谐问题(特别是大学生的自私自利现象) 2)当代大学生“大手大脚”花钱现象及其原因分析。 3)当代大学生的感恩教育(尤其是对父母和老师) 4)大学生校外租房现象 5)大学生逃课现象。 What is the intended meaning of the chart? The purpose of the picture is not the fact itself, but to lead us to discover what hides behind the iceberg. The reasons for such a phenomenon may lie in two aspects. First of all, it is the demand of the time. In an age of knowledge updating and information explosion, what the graduates have learned can hardly meet the demand of society. Talents of high quality who have a master degree will be needed more than ever. 数字化时代、英语俱乐部、口语考试的必要性、考试选修课有无必要、读经典的必要性、学雷锋该不该图回报 What is more, in such a fiercely competitive society, we all live a stressful life and many graduates, if not most, can not find a good job. There is no denying the fact that a master’s degree holder will surely seize more valuable opportunities to get a high position. If we can not realize such a point which is discussed above , a host of serious consequences are going to appear. Last but not least, other candidates who have working experience are eager to update their knowledge to satisfy the requirement of the demanding jobs. From what we have discussed above, we can safely come to the conclusion that taking part in postgraduate examination has become increasingly popular. I am a strong believer in the claim that the pursuit of professional knowledge is of great significance, and on no account can we neglect such a fact. The mass media and the authorities should be sensible enough to advocate such a phenomenon and establish a healthy atmosphere .Only in this way can we have a better and brighter future. 四六级作文预测1:志愿者活动 1. 越来越多的人从事志愿者工作 2. 志愿者工作的社会意义 3. 作为大学生,应该怎么做 范文: In recent years, the volunteering spirit has spread among the Chinese people, especially among youngsters. According to a survey, in 2008, there were about 1,700,000 volunteers who offered service for Olympic Games. Actually, an increasing number of people become volunteers every year in China。Volunteering actions are of tremendous benefits to both those in need and the society. Olympic Games are a good example. As is known to all, volunteers played an active role in Beijing Olympic Games. Without them, it would be a tough task to hold this un-precedent Olympic Games. Therefore, we can say that it was those volunteers who ensured the success of these games。 As modern college students, we should get actively involved in volunteering activities. By participating, we can learn how to work well in a team, how to improve our interpersonal skills and organizational ability. Undoubtedly, all of these are critical for our person growth. So, we should take this chance to learn and to grow. (161words) 四六级作文预测2 书信:毕业时就业还是上研究生 假如你是李明,你的朋友石头来信咨询你的毕业之后的计划,考研还是就业,请根据自己的情况写封回信告知石头你的态度,并说明理由。 范文: Dear Shitou, So great to recieve your letter on May 1st, in which you inquired about my plan after graduation. Now, I am writing to illustrate it and my accounts。As is known to all, so many graduates are eager to set feet on their work-life roads. According to a survey by National Department of Education, more than six million college students will leave the so called “Ivory Tower” this year. It is clear that the competition of job-hunting will be extremely furious. On the contrary, it seems advisable for me to further my study and get a master’s degree. What makes me convinced is that a higher degree and better educational background will, undoubtedly, enable me to make full preparation for entering the society. Besides, if possible, I will get involved in social and practical activities in my spare time。 Taking all aspects into account, I choose to study as a postgraduate。Many thanks for your concern. Best wishes! (160) 四六级作文预测3:大城市就业还是小城镇1. 很多的大学生毕业后留在大城市工作; 2. 也有人选择到小城镇开始自己的职业生涯; 3. 结合自己的实际情况谈谈自己的想法。 范文: Want to be a small fish in a big pond or the other way round? Every graduate faces this question when starting his career. A large number of college graduates prefer to stay in big cities,which mean more experiences, more opportunities to see the big world and more space for career development. At the same time, higher salary is another temptation。 But some other graduates intend to start in small towns. Even though there may not be many big companies, they can have a quieter and less competitive life. Another reason is that they can be a big fish in a small pond. They can easily get the management’s attention and may win promotion earlier。 As far as I am concerned, I prefer to start in a metropolis like Shanghai. A good begin is half the battle, and in Shanghai I can find a job in a big company where I can meet people from different places and cultures. I will learn from them what I can not get from textbooks. (178) 四六级作文预测4:培训学校 1。当前,社会上有很多私立学校和培训学校; 2。私立学校的利与弊; 3。你的看法。 范文: It can be noticed that a large number of private schools or training organizations become a new landscape in education. When you read newspapers, when you watch TV, when you walk on the road, you will inevitably see lots of advertisements about private schools. There are private schools mainly dealing with foreign languages, computers, music and sports。However, is it a good or bad thing to have so many private schools? As a coin has two sides, so are the private schools. On the one hand, private schools can meet the special needs of the society or the particular requirements of people. On the other hand, they often bring people extra burden because of comparison and competition。 When asked to decide whether we should have a society without private schools or a society with private schools, I will not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. Although attending a training course will result in the extra cost or burden, it is of tremendous merits in preparing my work and cultivating my skills。 四六级作文预测5:明星代言 1. 明星代言现象很普遍。 2. 明星代言广告存在一些问题。 3. 我的看法。 Celebrities as the products’ spokesmen In the contemporary society, it is very common for celebrities, or the so-called superstars, to be spokesmen or representatives for a wide variety of products. Celebrities’ advertisements can be easily found on the Internet, televisions, newspapers, magazines and even on the walls of some buildings。 There are, however, some problems for celebrities and the consumers. To begin with, before representing, a star may know nothing about the product. Thus, consumers may be misled. Even worse, for the sake of money, some stars advertise for items with low quality, even for fake commodities. In the case of Sanlu, the public image of stars involved was spoiled. Last but not least, the high income of advertising does not deserve their labor, which widens the gap between the poor and the rich。 From my point of view, it is high time that measures were taken to eliminate the demerits. Firstly, laws should be worked out to regulate celebrities’ advertising. Secondly, stars should be required to tell the truth to the public.篇二:四级范文 1.校园生活类 相关话题:学生兼职/就业、出国留学、校外住宿、大学生选课以及课外活动等。Part-time job 兼职工作 economic burden经济负担 working experience工作经历 competition and cooperation竞争与合作 tuition学费course arrangement课程安排 extracurricular activities课外活动 distance education远程教育 required course/compulsory course必修课 take an examination/sit an examination参加考试live outside campus住在校外food services饮 食 application form申请表 withdraw/draw cash取钱 instructor辅导老师 student union学生 会 undergraduate本科生 postgraduate研究生credit学分 degree学位 经典句式:In recent years, studying abroad has become a new craze among college students.如今,留学在大学生中成 为一种新的热潮。 With the admission expansion of colleges, a lot more graduates have to face the fierce competition in the job market. 随着大学的扩招,越来越多的毕业生在就业市场 面临激烈的竞争。 Diploma and certificates are still significant standards by which many employers measure a person’s ability. In order to increase the qualifications for a job, the students compel themselves to run from one exam to another.学位和证书仍然是很多雇主衡量一个人能 力的重要标准。为了增加找工作资格条件,学生们被迫不断参加考试。 During the holidays, a growing number of students choose to be volunteers, take part-time jobs, or take part in other practical activities alike.在假期,大量的学生选择做志愿者,做兼职工作或者参加其他类似的 实践活动。 Some students spend too much time in taking part-time jobs so as to ignore their study. Therefore, we are supposed to try to balance the relationship between social practice and study.有些学生花大量的时间做兼职工作,从而忽视了他们的学业。因此我们应该平衡社会 实践和学习之间的关系 2.网络科技类 相关话题:电脑/互联网的普及、信息安全、媒体广告、通讯设备的进步、网 络教学及网上阅读、网上娱乐(游戏、博客、开心牧场等) cyber culture计算机文化 online love affairs网恋 net bar网吧 shopping online网上购物 cyber chat网上聊天 virtual net虚拟网 络 net partner网友 surf on the Internet网上冲浪 net citizen网民 cyberspace网络空间 cyber college网络大学 convenient and effective方便有效 e-bank电子银行kill time打发 时间 information security信息安全 the popularity of computer电脑的普及 be addicted to 对……上瘾 campus network校园网络 release one’s pressure减轻压力 e-mail电子邮箱 经 典句式:No invention has received more praise and abuse than the Internet.没有一项发明像互联 网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。 It is commonly thought that our society had been dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.人们普遍认为现代科技使我们的 社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。 As a product of modern computer and the Internet, online games have become extremely popular among college students. 作为现代电脑和网络的产物,网络游戏已经在大学生中变得相当普及。 But as we see, some students lacking self-discipline are too much indulged in these games so that their health and academic performances are affected. 但是,正如我们看到的,一些缺乏自律的学生沉迷 于网络游戏以至于影响了健康和学习。 More significantly, it does bring college students much pleasure and release their pressure greatly. 更重要的是,它能带给大学生们很多快乐并且极大 地减轻压力。3.体育健康类 相关话题:体育运动、节食减肥、吸烟、流行性疾病、心 理疾病 lung cancer肺癌 smoking-related diseases抽烟引起的疾病 lose weight减肥 go on die节食 under the weather生病、不舒服 flight-headed头昏眼花 drowsy昏昏欲睡 flu流感 epidemics瘟疫 rampant猖獗的 contract infections得传染病 pick up the habit养成这 种习惯 physical and mental condition身体与精神状态 overweight/fat肥胖的 mentally unhealthy精神不健全的 be good for/do good to对……有益处 good living habits良好的生活 习惯 take regular exercise进行有规律的运动 unhealthy eating habit不健康的饮食习惯 junk food垃圾食品 stay/keep healthy/fit保持健康 build up one’s body/improve one’s health强身 健体 经典句式: Epidemics are rampant throughout the whole human history, and they have caused the most devastating impacts on us.在整个人类历史上瘟疫肆虐,它们给我们带来了灾难性的影响。 ②For example, the outbreak of H1N1once killed lots of people and brought great economic loss to the whole country. 例如,H1N1甲型流感的爆发夺去了很多人的生命并且给整个国家带来了重大经济影响。③ According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。 ④Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life. 孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活 造成严重的影响。 ⑤In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself. 事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要 4.生态环境类 相关话题:石油天然气紧缺、空气污染、自然灾害、太阳能的利用 population growth人口增长 global warming全球变暖 depletion of the ozone layer臭氧层变 薄 air pollution空气污染 water pollution水污染 noisy pollution噪音污 endangeredspecies 濒临灭绝的物种 renewable resources可再生资源 protect forest resources保护森林资源 environmental racism环境歧视 energy production能源制造 ecological balance生态平衡 exert a disastrous effect on产生灾难性的影响 petroleum石油 pursue one’s short-term interest 追求眼前利益 solar energy太阳能 habitat destruction and species extinction居住环境破坏与 物种灭绝 for the future generations/for our descendants 为了子孙后代 raw materials原料 ①As we know, over the past years, floods, droughts, landslides, anddust storms have frequented our planet. 正如我们所知,在过去的几年中,洪水、干旱、山体滑坡以及沙尘暴在世界上 频繁发生。 ②A task of top priority for us is to plant trees as many as possible, especially in the arid areas.In the meanwhile, we are supposed to stop deforesting in large amount. 我们首要的 任务就是尽可能多地植树造林,尤其是在那些干旱荒芜地区。同时,我们应该停止大量砍伐 森林。 ③Please join us in the action of protecting our planet.If you are willing to do something to save our planet, please start from the little thing right around you. 请加入我们一起保护我们 的地球。如果你愿意为我们的地球做一些事情的话,请从你身边的小事做起。 ④In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before. 考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保 型交通工具。 ⑤We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力 地美化我们的环境。5. 社会热点类 相关话题:乐于助人、英雄事迹、青少年犯罪、住房问题、垃圾处理、伪劣商 品、下岗就业、城市移民、打工 civil service examinations公务员考试 shanzhai culture“山 寨”文化 self-employment自主创业 juvenile delinquency青少年犯罪 grateful感恩 information security信息安全 shortage of power缺电 shopping by media媒体购物 job-hopping跳槽 housing problem住房问题 pay attention to social moral讲究社会公德 fakediplomas假文凭 child abuse虐待儿童 cause alarm and attention引起警惕和关注aging of population人口老龄化 rush into the city冲进城市 to pay by installments分期付款 unemployment失业 pose a threat to构成威胁 traffic light交通灯 residential area住宅区 slums贫民区 financial crisis on college students金融危机对大学生的影响 ①It is difficult to find work in the present situation. 在当前形势下,很难找到工作。 ②It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure. 无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦 生活。③With the development of contemporary industry, a growing number of people are flowing into big cities. 随着现代工业的发展,越来越多的人涌向大城市 ④Accordingly, the housing problem in big cities is becoming much more severe.People in the big city are complaining housing shortage and roaring price of the housing.因此,大城市的住房问题变得越来越严重。 大城市的人抱怨住房短缺和飞涨的房价。 ⑤The fresh air and beautiful scenery in the suburbs will pull many people from the overcrowded city and alleviate the pressure of housing.郊区新鲜 6.文化教育类 相关话题:教育改革、高校合并、扩招、考证热现象、文凭与就业、考研 热、失学儿童、中小学生减负问题diploma文凭 first-rate facilities一流的设pre-school education学前教育 educational system教育体制 dropout student失学儿童 expand your horizons开阔视野 compulsory education义务教育 eliminate illiteracy扫盲 integrate with other people与人交往 interpersonal skill人际交往能力 education for all-round development 素质教育 educational expert教育专家 impart knowledge and educate people教书育 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation科教兴国 teach students accordingto their aptitude因材施教 be exposed to new ideas/experience接触各种新思想/新体验 broaden one’s outlook/expand one’s mental horizons开阔眼界 give full play to one’s ability充分发挥能 力 ①The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework. 最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。 ②People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation. 人们似乎忽视了教育 不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实 ③Parents should be encouraged to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole. 应该鼓励父母将他们的孩子送到幼儿园,这将对孩子、家庭、甚至整个 社会产生深远的影响。④The majority of students believe that parttime job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发 展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。⑤Although this view is widely held, there is little evidence to prove that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.尽管这 一观点被广泛接受,但很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。 7.旅游交通类 相关话题:国外旅游热、景区污染、私家车与公交车、城市交通、交通事 故 crash撞车 excessive speed超速 cross road十字路 drive without license无证驾驶 tourist attraction旅游胜地 traffic jam交通拥挤 traffic light红绿灯 traffic police交通警 traffic regulation交通规则 travel service旅行社 check-in登记入住 check-out结帐离开(退房) holiday resort度假区 place of sightseeing游览胜地 one-way ticket单程机票 round-trip ticket 往返机票 sightseeing tour观光旅游 public transportation公共交通工具 speed limit速度限 制 traffic light红绿灯 underground地铁/tunnels地下隧道/underpass地下道 Using bicycle contributes greatly to people’s physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams. 使用自行车非常的空气和优美的景色会吸引很多人从过度拥挤的城市搬出来,减轻住房压力。有助于人们的身体健康,并缓解了交通阻塞。 ②The number of private cars in urban areas should be limited while the number of public buses should be increased. 在城市,私人轿车的数量应得到控制而公交车的数量应该增加。 ③It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 ④Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.违反交通规则的人应该受到处罚。 ⑤As for me, I’m firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons… 就我而言,我坚定地认为国外旅游者的数量应得到限制,理由如下…… 例文 On Cultivating the Sense of Gratitude On college campuses across the nation, there is a noticeable phenomenon that we cannot afford to ignore: far too many young college students lack the sense of gratitude, one of the countless traditional virtues of this ancient land with a (转 载 于:wWW.xIElw.COM 龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台:四级作文人口老龄化)splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years. These young adults were not and are not aware of the huge importance of expressing gratitude to those who once helped them, from teachers to parents and so forth。 Personally, I deem that the root cause of students without a graceful heart is that they receive an education not valuing the moral sphere. I strongly believe that joint efforts from folks across society are the final remedy for this social headache. As young university students of the new era, we should make our own contributions to this cause. Imagine a world without the sense of gratitude. This kind of world is doomed to failure. Simply put, we should join our hands to heighten our awareness of fostering a graceful heart. Only in this way can we build our society into a harmonious one. My fellow students, I beg you to act from now on。 From: /englishwriting/yingyusijizuowen/2011-04-25/141821_2.html 2011年英语四级作文预测:社会不文明现象 On Uncivilized Behaviors We cannot fail to notice that countless uncivilized behaviors exist in our daily lives, such as spitting, talking loudly, littering, saying nasty words in public places and so forth. All these are bad manners that we should not lose sight of. As an ancient land enjoying a splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years, China is witnessing a surge in improper acts that every Chinese citizen should feel ashamed of. Uncivilized behaviors by a host of Chinese both at home and abroad have seriously affected China's image, according to an editorial posted on People Daily's official website。 As Chinese, we should not get offended when others point out our weaknesses but should focus more attention on improving ourselves. We should strive to identify the causes of those improper behaviors and find ways to eliminate them. There are a host of causes, I would argue, behind this trend. To name only one: the lack of moral education. The government should wage a massive moral campaign to fight against this trend and we ourselves should endeavor to behave decently in our daily lives. As college students of the new age, we should take the leading role。From: /englishwriting/yingyusijizuowen/2011-04-25/141821_3.html 2011年英语四级作文预测及范文:低碳生活 问题解决性作文 1. 低碳生活受到人们的普遍欢迎 2. 低碳生活方式非常有好处 3. 我们应该如何去做 Nowadays, there are a considerable number of individuals who prefer to lead a low-carbon lifestyle which find expression in the fact that more and more commuters are using public transportation system in their daily life. Low carbon lifestyle can endow us and our society with numerous benefits. Firstly, it goesbeyond doubt that low carbon lifestyle contributes a lot to the environmental protection and it is a favorable way to slow down the rate of climate change of our earth, which also means a lot to our health. We are supposed to undertake the responsibility to lead a low-carbon lifestyle, which is of great significance. And there is a diversity of measures we can take so as to lead such an environmental-friendly life. For one thing, we are expected to minimize the use of private cars, which emit a large amount of greenhouse gases. For another, we are supposed to cultivate the public awareness of energy conservation for energy in the world today is decreasing rapidly. For instance, we can turn off electrical appliances if not necessary as well as using renewable materials. Furthermore, at our leisure, we can seek opportunities to plant more trees which can absorb carbon-dioxide. In brief, low-carbon lifestyle is nothing but the best choice for us and only in this way can we form a harmonious relationship with the environment. 2011英语四级考试作文预测:农民 Why Are There So Many Rural Laborers in Big Cities? 1. 近年来越来越多的民工涌入大城市 2. 产生这一社会现象的原因 【范文】 For a number of years, there has been a steady rise in the number of rural laborers who flood into big cities. Many men work on construction sites, while many women work as dishwashers in restaurants or babysitters for city dwellers. Three reasons, in my mind, can account for this social phenomenon. First and foremost, the limited land can no longer produce enough crops for an ever-increasing rural population. In the second place, there are far more opportunities in big cities—rural laborers dream of earning money through hard work. Last but by no means least, many of them want to live permanently in big cities, because they admire the way of living there, and wish their children to receive good education. I firmly believe that if we try our best to create a healthy social atmosphere, rural laborers will make greater contribution to our nation. 【点评】 本题谈论的是一种社会现象。第一段首句引入某一现象,第二句举例说明,第三句是个过渡句,引起下面解释原因段落的第二段;第三段是简洁的结束语,其中的宾语从句嵌套一个状语从句。 范文首先指出大量农民工涌入大城市这一现象,并引出第二段所阐述的三个原因。首先,农村有限的土地不能满足日益增长的人口消费。其次,大城市有更多的工作机会。最后,农民工向往大城市的生活,想永远居住在大城市。末段总结指出,如果创造一个健康的社会环境,农民工就可以为国家做出更大的贡献。 第一段第二句中的construction site表示“建筑工地”,babysitter表示“帮人看孩子的人”。 第二段第一点中的rural指“农村的”;第三点中的permanently和admire分别指“永久地”和“羡慕”,receive education指“接受教育”。 2011年6月大学英语四级作文预测:水资源缺乏 1. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic On Water Shortage. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline given below: 1. Water shortage is becoming an urgent problem篇三:11年6月四级作文题目预测及范文 2011年6月英语四级考试作文题目预测 预测今年6月份的写作命题主要有如下趋势: 从作文类型来看,对比选择类、现象解释类、问题解决类以及应用文类是考查的重点。 从题材来看,一般考查两类话题,一类是校园生活话题,包括学习、日常生活、工作及健康交际等;另一类是社会热点话题,考生对这类话题比较熟悉。两类相结合的趋势越来越大。 从体裁来看,一般包括议论文、说明文、图表作文和应用文写作(包括书信、便条、通知、海报等)。从近五年真题的趋势来看,议论文仍然是四级作文的考查重点。 从命题形式看,主要有提纲作文、情景作文、提示作文、图表作文、关键词作文等。其中最容易作为考题的是提纲作文、情景作文及图表作文。 容易考到的热门话题有如下几类: 1.校园生活类 相关话题:学生兼职/就业、出国留学、校外住宿、大学生选课以及课外活动等。 热门词汇: Part-time job兼职工作 economic burden经济负担 working experience工作经历 competition and cooperation竞争与合作tuition学费 course arrangement课程安排 extracurricular activities课外活动 distance education远程教育required course/compulsory course必修课 take an examination/sit an examination参加考试 live outside campus住在校外 food services饮食 application form申请表 withdraw/draw cash取钱 instructor辅导老师 student union学生会 undergraduate本科生 postgraduate研究生 credit学分 degree学位 经典句式: ①In recent years, studying abroad has become a new craze among collegestudents. 如今,留学在大学生中成为一种新的热潮。 ②With the admission expansion of colleges, a lot more graduates have to face the fierce competition in the job market. 随着大学的扩招,越来越多的毕业生在就业市场面临激烈的竞争。 ③Diploma and certificates are still significant standards by which many employers measure a person’s ability. In order to increase the qualifications for a job, the students compel themselves to run from one exam to another. 学位和证书仍然是很多雇主衡量一个人能力的重要标准。为了增加找工作资格条件,学生们被迫不断参加考试。 ④During the holidays, a growing number of students choose to be volunteers, take part-time jobs, or take part in other practical activities alike. 在假期,大量的学生选择做志愿者,做兼职工作或者参加其他类似的实践活动。 ⑤Some students spend too much time in taking parttime jobs so as to ignore their study. Therefore, we are supposed to try to balance the relationship between social practice and study. 有些学生花大量的时间做兼职工作,从而忽视了他们的学业。因此我们应该平衡社会实践和学习之间的关系。 2.网络科技类 相关话题:电脑/互联网的普及、信息安全、媒体广告、通讯设备的进步、网络教学及网上阅读、网上娱乐(游戏、博客、开心牧场等) 热门词汇: cyber culture计算机文化 online love affairs网恋 net bar网吧 shopping online网上购物 cyber chat网上聊天 virtual net虚拟网络 net partner网友 surf on the Internet网上冲浪 net citizen网民 cyberspace网络空间 cyber college网络大学 convenient and effective方便有效e-bank电子银行 kill time打发时间 information security信息安全 the popularity of computer电脑的普及be addicted to对……上瘾 campus network校园网络 release one’s pressure减轻压力 e-mail电子邮箱 经典句式: ①No invention has received more praise and abuse than the Internet.没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。 ②It is commonly thought that our society had been dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades. 人们普遍认为现代科技使我们的社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。 ③As a product of modern computer and the Internet, online games have become extremely popular among college students. 作为现代电脑和网络的产物,网络游戏已经在大学生中变得相当普及。④But as we see, some students lacking selfdiscipline are too much indulged in these games so that their health and academic performances are affected. 但是,正如我们看到的,一些缺乏自律的学生沉迷于网络游戏以至于影响了健康和学习。 ⑤More significantly, it does bring college students much pleasure and release their pressure greatly. 更重要的是,它能带给大学生们很多快乐并且极大地减轻压力。 3.体育健康类 相关话题:体育运动、节食减肥、吸烟、流行性疾病、心理疾病 热门词汇: lung cancer肺癌 smoking-related diseases抽烟引起的疾病 lose weight减肥 go on die节食 under the weather生病、不舒服 flight-headed头昏眼花 drowsy昏昏欲睡 flu流感epidemics瘟疫 rampant猖獗的 contract infections得传染病 pick up the habit养成这种习惯 physical and mental condition身体与精神状态 overweight/fat肥胖的mentally unhealthy精神不健全的 be good for/do good to对……有益处good living habits良好的生活习惯 take regular exercise进行有规律的运动unhealthy eating habit不健康的饮食习惯 junk food垃圾食品 stay/keep healthy/fit保持健康 build up one’s body/improve one’s health强身健体 经典句式: ①Epidemics are rampant throughout the whole human history, and they have caused the most devastating impacts on us. 在整个人类历史上瘟疫肆虐,它们给我们带来了灾难性的影响。 ②For example, the outbreak of H1N1once killed lots of people and brought great economic loss to the whole country. 例如,H1N1甲型流感的爆发夺去了很多人的生命并且给整个国家带来了重大经济影响。 ③According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。④Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life. 孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活造成严重的影响。 ⑤In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself. 事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。 4.生态环境类 相关话题:石油天然气紧缺、空气污染、自然灾害、太阳能的利用 热门词汇:population growth人口增长 global warming全球变暖 depletion of the ozone layer臭氧层变薄 air pollution空气污染 water pollution水污染 noisy pollution噪音污染 endangered species濒临灭绝的物种 renewable resources可再生资源protect forest resources保护森林资源 environmental racism环境歧视energy production能源制造 ecological balance生态平衡 exert a disastrous effect on产生灾难性的影响 petroleum石油 pursue one’s short-term interest追求眼前利益 solar energy太阳能 habitat destruction and species extinction居住环境破坏与物种灭绝for the future generations/for our descendants 为了子孙后代 raw materials原料 经典句式: ①As we know, over the past years, floods, droughts, landslides, and dust storms have frequented our planet. 正如我们所知,在过去的几年中,洪水、干旱、山体滑坡以及沙尘暴在世界上频繁发生。 ②A task of top priority for us is to plant trees as many as possible, especially in the arid areas.In the meanwhile, we are supposed to stop deforesting in large amount.我们首要的任务就是尽可能多地植树造林,尤其是在那些干旱荒芜地区。同时,我们应该停止大量砍伐森林。 ③Please join us in the action of protecting our planet.If you are willing to do something to save our planet, please start from the little thing right around you. 请加入我们一起保护我们的地球。如果你愿意为我们的地球做一些事情的话,请从你身边的小事做起。 ④In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before. 考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。 ⑤We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.篇四:英语专业四级作文解析及预测 英语专业四级写作解析及预测 一、作文 1. 测试要求: 根据所给题目或列出的写作提纲或图标,数字统计表等(也附有写作提纲)写一篇200字左右的短文。能做到内容切题,结构完整,语法正确,语言通顺,表达得体。 2. 写作评分标准 作文主要考察以下几点:内容切题,结构完整,语法正确,语言通顺,表达得体等,满分为15分。 15分:文章内容切题,思想表达清楚,行文通顺流畅,论证严密,论据充分,基本无语言错误。 14-12分:文章内容切题,思想表达清楚,语言比较通顺,连贯,只有极少数研发错误。 11-9分:文章内容基本切题,尚能表达中心思想,但说理不够清楚,文字连贯不够好,有少量语言错误。 8-6分:基本切题,思想表达不够清楚,连贯性差,语言错误多。 5-3分:文章调理不清,语言缺乏连贯性,句子错误很多或语言虽然通顺流畅,但完全偏题。 二、便条 1. 测试要求 便条主要考察的是格式、内容、语言的的提醒、字数等5方面,满分为10分。2. 写作评分标准 格式:包括日期、称呼、结尾3部分,总分值为2份, 凡不符合正确格式或要求的均扣1分,最多扣2分。 内容:便条一般包括3部分内容,总分值为3份。判卷时少一点扣1分,最多扣3份。 语言:语法、词法正确,总分值为4分。严重词法、句法错误扣1份,一个句子或同类错误扣1份,拼写等小错误两个扣1份,最多扣4分。 语言得体性:总分值为1份。当总分在8分以上时可考虑加此分。 总字数:少于40或多于80词扣1分。 历年真题分析 作文命题方式分析: 一、 对比选择型命题 第一类:advantage、disadvantage型 如2006年 第二类:yes or no 型 如:2011,2010,2009,2007, 2004 二、 给定观点型命题 如:2008 三、 自由发挥型命题 第一类: my idea 型 如:2005 第二类:the best way to stay healthy 2014英语专业四级考试作文预测 社会热点类 1.civil servant craze(公务员热) 2.what should the media focus more on? 3.backpack traveling of college students(大学生背包旅行) 4.does “no drinking“policy stand for progress of university? (禁酒令进入大学是进步吗?) 5. on no smoking 6.my view on taking plastic surgery before job-hunting(先整容再求职之我见) 7. ways for kids to keep clear of online position (让孩子远离网毒的方法) 8.should the rich donate more? 9.a major advantage/disadvantage of TV commercials 10.my view on urbanization 11. aging of population(人口老龄化) 12. giving pocket money does good/harm to children 13. mobile phone etiquette(手机礼仪) 14. the harmfulness of fake products 15. violent TV programs cause more crimes 16. being indulgent in computer games is harmful 17.Chinese fever(汉语热) 18.The popularity of western festivals 19.Does taking training course help? 20.how does internet influence our life? 21. should star-worship be promoted? 22. should the old people live with their adult children? 23. how to handle cyber moral crisis? 24. who is to blame for false endorsement?(虚假代言,孰之过?) 25. resume the May 1st long holiday or not? 26.the popularity of adventure activities 27. second-hand goods28.the punishment for traffic violation 29. should laws fixed or flexible? 30.young people’s personality development 31.how do movies or tv influence people’s behavior? 32. what should we get from the celebrities? 33.”made in China” and “originated in China”(中国制造和中国创造) 34.Consumers’ attitudes are changing 35. my view on modern technology 36. should ways of educating “the rich second generation” be changed? 37.my view on expansion of college eollment 38.Food safety 39. the brain and the computer 40. on the low-carbon life 41.generation gap 42. only stricter traffic laws can prevent accidents? 43. noise pollution 44. on disaster 45. fast food 46. on online chatting 47. telling lies篇五:四级作文词汇+句子 1.校园生活类 相关话题:学生兼职/就业、出国留学、校外住宿、大学生选课以及课外活动等。 Part-time job兼职工作economic burden经济负担 working experience工作经历 competition and cooperation竞争与合作 tuition学费course arrangement课程安排 extracurricular activities课外活动 distance education远程教育 required course/compulsory course必修课 take an examination/sit an examination参加考试 live outside campus住在校外 food services饮食 application form申请表 withdraw/draw cash取钱 instructor辅导老师 student union学生会 undergraduate本科生 postgraduate研究生 credit学分 degree学位 经典句式: ①In recent years, studying abroad has become a new craze among college students. 如今,留学在大学生中成为一种新的热潮。 ②With the admission expansion of colleges, a lot more graduates have to face the fierce competition in the job market. 随着大学的扩招,越来越多的毕业生在就业市场面临激烈的竞争。 ③Diploma and certificates are still significant standards by which many employers measure a person’s ability. In order to increase the qualifications for a job, the students compel themselves to run from one exam to another. 学位和证书仍然是很多雇主衡量一个人能力的重要标准。为了增加找工作资格条件,学生们被迫不断参加考试。④During the holidays, a growing number of students choose to be volunteers, take part-time jobs, or take part in other practical activities alike. 在假期,大量的学生选择做志愿者,做兼职工作或者参加其他类似的实践活动。 ⑤Some students spend too much time in taking parttime jobs so as to ignore their study. Therefore, we are supposed to try to balance the relationship between social practice and study. 有些学生花大量的时间做兼职工作,从而忽视了他们的学业。因此我们应该平衡社会实践和学习之间的关系。 2.网络科技类 相关话题:电脑/互联网的普及、信息安全、媒体广告、通讯设备的进步、网络教学及网上阅读、网上娱乐(游戏、博客、开心牧场等) 热门词汇: cyber culture计算机文化 online love affairs网恋 net bar网吧 shopping online网上购物 cyber chat网上聊天 virtual net虚拟网络 net partner网友 surf on the Internet网上冲浪 net citizen网民 cyberspace网络空间 cyber college网络大学 convenient and effective方便有效 e-bank电子银行 kill time打发时间 information security信息安全 the popularity of computer电脑的普及 be addicted to对??上瘾 campus network校园网络 release one’s pressure减轻压力 e-mail电子邮箱 经典句式: ①No invention has received more praise and abuse than the Internet. 没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。 ②It is commonly thought that our society had been dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.人们普遍认为现代科技使我们的社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。 ③As a product of modern computer and the Internet, online games have become extremely popular among college students.作为现代电脑和网络的产物,网络游戏已经在大学生中变得相当普及。 ④But as we see, some students lacking selfdiscipline are too much indulged in these games so that their health and academic performances are affected. 但是,正如我们看到的,一些缺乏自律的学生沉迷于网络游戏以至于影响了健康和学习。 ⑤More significantly, it does bring college students much pleasure and release their pressure greatly.更重要的是,它能带给大学生们很多快乐并且极大地减轻压力。 3.体育健康类 相关话题:体育运动、节食减肥、吸烟、流行性疾病、心理疾病 热门词汇: lung cancer肺癌 smoking-related diseases抽烟引起的疾病 lose weight减肥 go on die节食 under the weather生病、不舒服 flight-headed头昏眼花 drowsy昏昏欲睡 flu流感epidemics瘟疫 rampant猖獗的 contract infections得传染病 pick up the habit养成这种习惯 physical and mental condition身体与精神状态 overweight/fat肥胖的 mentally unhealthy精神不健全的 be good for/do good to对??有益处 good living habits良好的生活习惯 take regular exercise进行有规律的运动 unhealthy eating habit不健康的饮食习惯 junk food垃圾食品 stay/keep healthy/fit保持健康 build up one’s body/improve one’s health强身健体 经典句式: ①Epidemics are rampant throughout the whole human history, and they have caused the most devastating impacts on us. 在整个人类历史上瘟疫肆虐,它们给我们带来了灾难性的影响。 ②For example, the outbreak of H1N1once killed lots of people and brought great economic loss to the whole country. 例如,H1N1甲型流感的爆发夺去了很多人的生命并且给整个国家带来了重大经济影响。③According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。 ④Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life. 孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活造成严重的影响。 ⑤In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。 4.生态环境类 相关话题:石油天然气紧缺、空气污染、自然灾害、太阳能的利用 热门词汇: population growth人口增长 global warming全球变暖 depletion of the ozone layer臭氧层变薄 air pollution空气污染 water pollution水污染 noisy pollution噪音污染 endangered species濒临灭绝的物种 renewable resources可再生资源 protect forest resources保护森林资源 environmental racism环境歧视 energy production能源制造 ecological balance生态平衡 exert a disastrous effect on产生灾难性的影响 petroleum石油 pursue one’s short-term interest追求眼前利益 solar energy太阳能 habitat destruction and species extinction居住环境破坏与物种灭绝 for the future generations/for our descendants 为了子孙后代 raw materials原料 经典句式: ①As we know, over the past years, floods, droughts, landslides, and dust storms have frequented our planet. 正如我们所知,在过去的几年中,洪水、干旱、山体滑坡以及沙尘暴在世界上频繁发生。 ②A task of top priority for us is to plant trees as many as possible, especially in the arid areas.In the meanwhile, we are supposed to stop deforesting in large amount. 我们首要的任务就是尽可能多地植树造林,尤其是在那些干旱荒芜地区。同时,我们应该停止大量砍伐森林。③Please join us in the action of protecting our planet.If you are willing to do something to save our planet, please start from the little thing right around you. 请加入我们一起保护我们的地球。如果你愿意为我们的地球做一些事情的话,请从你身边的小事做起。 ④In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before. 考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。 ⑤We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。 5.社会热点类 相关话题:乐于助人、英雄事迹、青少年犯罪、住房问题、垃圾处理、伪劣商品、下岗就业、城市移民、打工热门词汇: civil service examinations公务员考试 shanzhai culture“山寨”文化 self-employment自主创业 juvenile delinquency青少年犯罪 grateful感恩 information security信息安全 shortage of power缺电 shopping by media媒体购物 job-hopping跳槽 housing problem住房问题 pay attention to social moral讲究社会公德 fake diplomas假文凭 child abuse虐待儿童 cause alarm and attention引起警惕和关注 aging of population人口老龄化 rush into the city冲进城市 to pay by installments分期付款 unemployment失业 pose a threat to构成威胁 traffic light交通灯 residential area住宅区 slums贫民区 financial crisis on college students金融危机对大学生的影响 经典句式: ①It is difficult to find work in the present situation. 在当前形势下,很难找到工作。 ②It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have toface the dangers of starvation and exposure.无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦生活。③With the development of contemporary industry, a growing number of people are flowing into big cities.随着现代工业的发展,越来越多的人涌向大城市。 ④Accordingly, the housing problem in big cities is becoming much more severe. People in the big city are complaining housing shortage and roaring price of the housing. 因此,大城市的住房问题变得越来越严重。大城市的人抱怨住房短缺和飞涨的房价。 ⑤The fresh air and beautiful scenery in the suburbs will pull many people from the overcrowded city and alleviate the pressure of housing. 郊区新鲜的空气和优美的景色会吸引很多人从过度拥挤的城市搬出来,减轻住房压力。 6.文化教育类 相关话题:教育改革、高校合并、扩招、考证热现象、文凭与就业、考研热、失学儿童、中小学生减负问题热门词汇: diploma文凭 first-rate facilities一流的设施 pre-school education学前教育 educational system教育体制 dropout student失学儿童 expand your horizons开阔视野 compulsory education义务教育 eliminate illiteracy扫盲 integrate with other people与人交往 interpersonal skill人际交往能力 education for all-round development素质教育 educational expert教育专家 impart knowledge and educate people教书育人 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation科教兴国 teach students according to their aptitude因材施教 be exposed to new ideas/experience接触各种新思想/新体验 broaden one’s outlook/expand one’s mental horizons开阔眼界 give full play to one’s ability充分发挥能力 经典句式: ①The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。 ②People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实。 ③Parents should be encouraged to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole. 应该鼓励父母将他们的孩子送到幼儿园,这将对孩子、家庭、甚至整个社会产生深远的影响。 ④The majority of students believe that parttime job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。⑤Although this view is widely held, there is little evidence to prove that education can be obtained at any age and at any place. 尽管这一观点被广泛接受,但很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。 7.旅游交通类 相关话题:国外旅游热、景区污染、私家车与公交车、城市交通、交通事故 热门词汇: crash撞车 excessive speed超速 cross road十字路 drive without license无证驾驶 tourist attraction旅游胜地 traffic jam交通拥挤 traffic light红绿灯 traffic police交通警察 traffic regulation交通规则 travel service旅行社 check-in登记入住 check-out结帐离开(退房) holiday resort度假区 place of sightseeing游览胜地 one-way ticket单程机票 round-trip ticket往返机票 sightseeing tour观光旅游 public transportation公共交通工具 speed limit速度限制 traffic light红绿灯 underground地铁/tunnels地下隧道/underpass地下道 经典句式: ①Using bicycle contributes greatly to people’s physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.使用自行车非常有助于人们的身体健康,并缓解了交通阻塞。 ②The number of private cars in urban areas should be limited while the number of public buses should be increased. 在城市,私人轿车的数量应得到控制而公交车的数量应该增加。 ③It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 ④Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. 违反交通规则的人应该受到处罚。 ⑤As for me, I’m firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons? 就我而言,我坚定地认为国外旅游者的数量应得到限制,理由如下??篇六:四级段落真题及常见词汇 剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸有一千五百多年的历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties )特别流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的礼物。 Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms in order to enhance the joyousatmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red, which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world and it is often given as a present to foreign friends. 【原文】"中国结 中国结最初是由手工艺人发明的,经过数百年不断的改进,已经成为一种优雅多彩的艺术和工艺。在古代,人们用它来记录事件,但现在主要是用于装饰的目的。“结”在中文里意味这爱情丶婚姻和团聚,中国结常常作为礼物交换或作用饰品祈求好运和辟邪。这种形式的手工艺代代相传,现在已经在中国和世界各地越来越受欢迎。 【参考译文】"The Chinese knot was originally invented by the craftsmen. After hundreds of years of continuous improvement,has become a kind of elegant and colorful arts and crafts. In ancient times,people use it to record the event,but now used mainly for decorative purposes. The knot means love, marriage and reunion in Chinese,knot is often used for jewelry as a gift exchange or pray for good luck and ward off evil spirits,This form of handicrafts from generation to generation, it has become increasingly popular in China and around the world。 【原文】 信息技术(Information Technology),正在飞速的发展,中国公民也越来越重视信息技术,有些学校甚至将信息技术作为必修课程,对这一现象大家持不同观点。一部分人认为这是没有必要的,学生就应该学习传统的课程。另一部分人认为这是应该的,中国就应该与时俱进。不管怎样,信息技术引起广大人民的重视是一件好事。 【参考译文】 Nowadays, Information Technology is developing rapidly, and Chinese Citizens are putting more emphasis on it. Some schools and universities even make Information Technology one of the compulsory courses. People hold different views on this phenomenon. Some people deem that it is unnecessary to make Information Technology a required course in schools. Students should learn traditional curriculum. While other people think that it should be so, and they hold the attitude thatChina should keep pace with the times. Anyway, it is a good thing that Information Technology has drawn people’s attention. 【点评】 今年的大学英语六级考试题型改革后,翻译题从之前的单句汉译英“换装”为段落汉译英,这对于考生来说,无疑是一个更大的挑战。很多考生一看到整段的汉译英题目就头疼,因为他们对于这个题目太陌生了。从单句到段落的翻译,标志着国家对于考生英语水平的要求已经提高到了一个全新的层面。段落翻译考查的是考生的英语综合水平。 但从真题的出题角度来看,这次考试还是对考生相当得仁慈,考题要比考试样章中的题目来得简单得多。整篇翻译题就像是一篇四级作文,属于观点对立型的。主要是针对学校是否应该将信息技术这门课作为学生的必修课。其中阐述了两类人群的不同观点,这像极了我们四级考试作文题。比作文题还要简单的是,段落翻译已经给出了考生写作的思想,考生只需将其翻译成英文即可。 从真题的出题内容来看,这次的翻译题也没有考那些考生不熟悉的话题,而是对考生特别熟悉的信息技术进行了考查。而且,整篇翻译原文中并没有特别长的句子和特别难的表达。相信考生肯定可以从容应对的。 多元文化论 cultural pluralism 文化适应 acculturation 社会保障 social security 班车 shuttle bus 相定迁户 a relocated unit or household 大龄青年 single youth above the normal matrimonial age 独生子女 the only child in a family 单亲 single parent 福利彩票 welfare lotteries 家政服务 household management service 民工 migrant laborers 名人 celebrity 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labor/laborers 青春期 puberty 全民健身运动 nationwide fitness campaign 全国人口普查 nationwide census 社会保险 social insurance 暂住证 temporary residence permit/card 青少年犯罪 juvenile delinquency 性骚扰 sexual harassment 走私 smuggling *性另歧视 gender/sexual discrimination 工作歧视 job discrimination 享乐主义hedonism 文盲 illiteracy 贫富分化 disparity between the rich and the poor 盗版 pirated/illegal copies 一国两制 One Country, Two Systems 三个代表 the Three Represents Theory 两会(人大、政协)Two Conferences (NPC and CPPCC) 南南合作 South-South Cooperation 南北对话 North-South Dialog 人大常委会 People’s Congress Standing Committee 法制观念 awareness of law 法制国家 a country with an adequate legal system 改革开放 reform and opening-up 公务员 civil servants 官僚主义作风 the bureaucratic style of work 和谐并存 harmonious coexistence 计划生育 family planning 计划生育基本国策 the basic state policy of family planning 4青才申文明建设 the construction of spiritual civilization 居委会 neighborhood committee 科教兴国 national rejuvenation through science and education 可持续发展 sustainable development 廉洁高效 honesty and high efficiency 两岸关系 cross-straits relations 两岸谈判 cross-straits negotiations 领土完整 territorial integrity 民族精神 national spirit 普选制 general election system 求同存异 seek common ground while shelving differences 人大代表NPC member 物质文明和精神文明 material and spiritual civilization 小康社会 a well-off society 小康水平 a well-off standard 一个中国原则 the one-China principle 与时俱进 keep pace with the times 综合国力 overall national strength 共同愿望common desire “走出去”(战略)going global 不结盟 non-alignment 单边主义 unilateralism 多边政策 multilateralism 多极世界 multipolar world 人口出生率birth rate 社区月服务 community service 道德法庭 court of ethics 盗用公款embezzlement 成人夜校 night school for adults 在职进修班 on-job training courses 政治思想教育 political and ideological education 毕业生分酉己 graduate placement; assignment of graduate 充电 update one’s knowledge 初等教育 elementary education 大学城 college town 大学社区 college community 高等教育 higher education 高等教育“211 工程” the “211 Project” for higher education 高等学府 institution of higher education 综合性大学 comprehensive university 文科院校 colleges of (liberal) arts 理工科大学 college / university of science and engineering 师范学院 teachers’ college; normal college 高分低能 high scores and low abilities 高考(university/college) entrance examination 高校扩招 the college expansion plan 教育界 education circle 教育投入 input in education 九年义务教育 nine-year compulsory education 考研 take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools 2013英语四级考试全攻略考试入门四级词汇四级语法四级听力四级写作四级阅读 understanding of China”, the Group commits itself entirely to promoting foreign language education and research in China and advancing cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.// In order to build up a strong team of publishing staff, as well as to meet the growing need of more technically demanding business, the Group makes it a rule that young staff be selected and sent to noteduniversities and research institutions, both domestic and overseas, for further studies.// As is clearly spelled out in our new development strategy, we will go beyond our national boundaries and wedge ourselves into the world circulation market, aiming at the international readership. Our initial efforts have been very rewarding.// 13、改革开放30 年来,随着中国逐渐崛起成为政治经济强国,海外人士学习汉语的现象与日俱增,海外孔子学院也成了人们学习中国语言和中国文化的首选之地。// 通过学习汉语,他们对这个和自己文化大相径庭的古老文明产生了浓厚的兴趣,而且有机会了解中国的哲学、艺术、医学、饮食文化,亲身体验这个文明古国的风采。// 作为第二文化,中国文化也丰富了他们的生活和世界观。可以说,这个潮流方兴未艾。越来越多的学习汉语的美国人除了对中国菜肴赞不绝口之外,也在尝试针灸,草药和武术。//他们也看功夫电影,学习东方时装潮流和手工艺,不知不觉的在日常生活中谈及中国的点心,人参、银杏,乌龙茶等。目前在美国最热门的中国文化是道家学说和有着神秘色彩的风水学。 As China is rising as a political and economic world power, thanks to its three-decade reform and opening up, more and more people in overseas countries start to learn Chinese and turn to a Confucius Institute in their own countries as their first choice learning Chinese language and Chinese culture.// During the learning process, the learners concurrently develop their interest in this ancient land, whose civilization is so vastly different from theirs. And the learners have篇七:四级作文主题词汇 十六、关于交通★★★ 1. 交通问题:transportation problems 2. 交通繁忙时段:rush hour 3. 交通阻塞 traffic jams 4. 空气污染 air pollution 5. 乘客 passenger 6. 交通工具 means of transportation 7. 能源危机 energy crisis 8. 不便 inconvenience 9. 噪声污染 noise pollution 10. 行人 pedestrians 11. 交通事故 traffic accident 12. 受伤 injuries 13. 筋疲力尽 exhausted 14. 自然资源 natural resources 15. 建设 construction 16. 停车场 parking lots 17. 铺设道路 laid down roads 18. 缓解交通阻塞压力 relieve the traffic congestion 19. 路况 road condition 20. 交通法规 traffic laws and regulations 21. 公共交通工具 public transportation 22. 提高公众意识 raise the public awareness 23. 地铁underground / 地下隧道tunnels/ 地下道 underpass 24. 方便和舒适 convenient and comfortable 25. 公共交通 public transport 26. 随着路况的发展 with the improvement in road conditions 27. 十分重视 attach importance to 28. 大力发展 strive to develop 31. 交通事故 traffic accidents 十五、贸易和经济 1、 挣外汇 earnings in foreign exchange 2、 出口额 export value 3、 文化需求 the cultural needs 4、 拉动内需 promote domestic demand 5、 社区经济 community economic 6、 基础设施 infrastructure 7、 促进商业的发展 promote the commerce 8、 加快城市建设 accelerate the city construction and its embellishment 9、 廉价市场 a bargain market 10、 消费者协会 a Consumer?s Association 11、 物质生活 material life 12、 泡沫经济 a bubble economy 13、 涉外经济 a foreign-related business14、 财政收入 renenue 15、 增加消费 increase consumption 16、 财务支出 expenditure 17、 开放搞活经济 open up and enliven the economy 18、 售后服务 afer-sale service 19、 经济前景 economic prospect 20、 无限制的扩张 uestrained expansion 21、 经济特区 special economic zone 22、 购买力 purchasing power 23、 扩大合作 extend cooperation 24、 经济繁荣 economic prosperity 25. 腐败和受贿 corruption and bribery 26. 打假 crake down on counterfeit goods/fake products 27. 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration 28. 商品价格 commodity prices 29. 扩大消费市场 tap the consumer market 30. 全球化过程 globalization process 31. 充分就业 full employment 32. 全球经济 global economy 33. 机械与电子产品 machinery and electronic goods 34. 假冒伪劣商品fake and inferior commodities 35. 现代技术 modern technology 36. 购物中心 shopping centers 37. 对外开放 open the door to the outside world 38. 取得显著成绩 make remarkable results 39. 合资企业 joint ventures 40. 外商投资企业 foreign-invested venture 41. 外资 foreign capital 42. 高科技产业 high-tech enterprise 43. 随着改革开放的贯彻执行 with the reform and opening up policy being implemented 44. 现代化家用电器 up-to-date household appliances 45. 惩治腐败 combat corruption 46. 第三产业 tertiary industry 47. 后起之秀 promising young people 48. 基础设施,基础工业和支柱产业 infrastructure, basic industries and pillar industries 49. 假冒伪劣 fake and poor quality commodities 50. 经济技术开发区 economic and technological development zone 51. 经济特区 special economic zone 52. 落后 backward 53. 恢复 restore 54. 急需 need badly 55. 投资环境 environment for investment56. 集中力量 concentrate on 57. 鼓励 encourage 58. 进口或出口import ,export 59. 活跃市场 enliven the market 60. 人力资源 manpower, human resources 61. 资金不足 short of funds 62. 围绕 focus on 63. 经济效率 economic efficiency 64. 降低生产成本 lower production cost 65. 生产力 productive forces 66. 劳动生产率 labor productivity 67. 巨大发展 have made a big advance 68. 贸易往来 trade contracts, commercial intercourse 69. 投资环境 investment environment 70. 职业道德 occupational ethics; professional ethics 71. 和别人合作 cooperate with others 72. 实际经验 practical experience 十四、关于旅游 1、第三产业 the third industry 2、优先 priority 3、支柱 pillar 4、当地经济发展的支柱 a pillar of local economic development 5、纪念品 souvenir 6、迅猛发展的旅游业 booming tourist industry 7、告别了贫困 say good-bye to poverty 8、发扬民族文化 carry forward national culture 9、实现可持续发展 achieve the sustainable development 10、保护自然环境 conservation of the natural environment 11、提高生活质量 enhance the quality of life 12、 文化遗产 cultural heritage 13、 迷人的景色 fascinating scenery 14、 旅游景点 tourist attractions 15、 大量的历史遗迹 a wealth of history relics 16、 跨文化交际 cross-cultural contacts 17、 增进友谊 promote friendship 18、 当地文化的保护 the preservation of local culture 19、 负面影响 negative effect 20、 造成严重污染 cause serious environmental pollution 21、 和平繁荣的环境 a climate of peace and prosperity 22、 破坏生态平衡 break the ecological balance 23、 展示灿烂的历史文化 showcase the brilliant history and culture 24、 增加吸引力 enhance its appeal 25、 度假胜地 vacation spots 26、 旅游黄金周 the golden week for tourism27、 旅游旺季 the peak of the tourist season 28、 游览观光 spend one?s time in sightseeing 29、 自助游 an independent travel 30、 随团旅游 a group travel 十一、关于人口、老龄化等 1. 人口老龄化 aging of population 2. 赡养 support 3. 稳固的经济基础 solid economic foundation 4. 家庭照料 family care 5. 社区服务 community services 6. 人口过剩 overpopulation 7. 不发达国家 undeveloped countries 8. 失业 unemployment 9. 工业国家 industrialized countries 10. 公益服务 public services 11. 拥挤 overcrowding 12. 人口爆炸 population explosion 13. 养育、抚养 foster 14. 社区服务 community service 15. 社会福利事业 social welfare system 16. 逐步建立 gradually establish 17. 采取不同的态度 take different attitudes 十二、关于民工以及贫困 1、 农民工 migrant worker 2、 冲进城市 rush into the city 3、 经济发展 economic development 4、 低工资 underpaid 5、 宏伟的建筑 edifice 6、 城市居民 city residents / urban dweller 7、 不可或缺 indispensable 8、 交通拥挤 traffic congestion 9、 卫生问题 sanitation problem 10、 构成威胁 pose a threat to 11、 赚钱 make some money 十三、关于饮食 1. 快餐 fast food 2. 麦当劳 McDonald?s 3. 汉堡包 hamburgers 4. 炸鸡 fried chicken 5. 饭店 restaurants 6. 享受午餐 enjoy lunch7. 对…是件好事 is a blessing for sb 8. 营养价值 nutritional value 9. 传统饮食 traditional cuisines 10. 采取折中的态度 take a balanced position 11. 胃口 appetize 十、关于运动身体健康 1、 身体上的 physically 2、 心理上的 psychologically 3、 首要目标 primary goal 4、 渴望竞争 eager for competition 5、 培养责任感 develop a strong sense of 6、 职业运动员 professional athlete 7、 个人的表现 individual performance 8、 提高技能 improve skill 9、 参与运动 be involve with sports 10、 接触性运动 contact sports 11、 投身于 thrust into a highly competitive game 12、 过分注重于 get so caught up in 13、 愉快的经历 a pleasurable experience 14、 放松 relax 15、 娱乐 amusements 16、 性格培养 character-training 17、 势均力敌的比赛 a close game 18、 传达 pass on to 19、有潜能 have potential 20、体形,身材 figure 21、大众健康 general health 22、申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 九、关于电视、广告和媒体 1、 生产厂商和消费者 manufacture and customer 2、 信息交流 information exchange 3、 帮助人们跟上最新发展 help people to keep abreast with the latest development 4、 推广产品 promote and popularize new product 5、 商业竞争 commercial competition 6、 介绍科学技术新发展 introduce new development of science and technology 7、 视觉享受 visual enjoyment 8、 抢得市场先机 compete for the share of market 9、 广告宣传单 leaflet and handout 10、 鼓吹不正确的消费观念 advocate incorrect ways of consumtion 11、 不如实说明 misrepresent 12、 虚假的 fictitious 13、 欺骗性 deceptive 14、 夸大的 exaggerating篇八:2011年6月英语四级考试作文题目预测 2011年6月英语四级考试作文题目预测 距离6月份的四级考试还有大概一个月的时间,根据往年四级试题的特点,预测今年6月份的写作命题主要有如下趋势: ★从作文类型来看,对比选择类、现象解释类、问题解决类以及应用文类是考查的重点。★从题材来看,一般考查两类话题,一类是校园生活话题,包括学习、日常生活、工作及健康交际等;另一类是社会热点话题,考生对这类话题比较熟悉。两类相结合的趋势越来越大。 ★从体裁来看,一般包括议论文、说明文、图表作文和应用文写作(包括书信、便条、通知、海报等)。从近五年真题的趋势来看,议论文仍然是四级作文的考查重点。 ★从命题形式看,主要有提纲作文、情景作文、提示作文、图表作文、关键词作文等。其中最容易作为考题的是提纲作文、情景作文及图表作文。 容易考到的热门话题有如下几类: 1.校园生活类 相关话题:学生兼职/就业、出国留学、校外住宿、大学生选课以及课外活动等。 热门词汇: Part-time job兼职工作 economic burden经济负担 working experience工作经历 competition and cooperation竞争与合作 tuition学费 course arrangement课程安排 extracurricular activities课外活动 distance education远程教育 required course/compulsory course必修课 take an examination/sit an examination参加考试 live outside campus住在校外 food services饮食 application form申请表 withdraw/draw cash取钱 instructor辅导老师 student union学生会 undergraduate本科生 postgraduate研究生 credit学分 degree学位 经典句式: ①In recent years, studying abroad has become a new craze among college students. 如今,留学在大学生中成为一种新的热潮。 ②With the admission expansion of colleges, a lot more graduates have to face the fierce competition in the job market. 随着大学的扩招,越来越多的毕业生在就业市场面临激烈的竞争。 ③Diploma and certificates are still significant standards by which many employers measure a person’s ability. In order to increase the qualifications for a job, the students compel themselves to run from one exam to another. 学位和证书仍然是很多雇主衡量一个人能力的重要标准。为了增加找工作资格条件,学生们被迫不断参加考试。 ④During the holidays, a growing number of students choose to be volunteers, take part-time jobs, or take part in other practical activities alike. 在假期,大量的学生选择做志愿者,做兼职工作或者参加其他类似的实践活动。 ⑤Some students spend too much time in taking parttime jobs so as to ignore their study. Therefore, we are supposed to try to balance the relationship between social practice and study. 有些学生花大量的时间做兼职工作,从而忽视了他们的学业。因此我们应该平衡社会实践和学习之间的关系。 2.网络科技类 相关话题:电脑/互联网的普及、信息安全、媒体广告、通讯设备的进步、网络教学及网上阅读、网上娱乐(游戏、博客、开心牧场等) 热门词汇: cyber culture计算机文化 online love affairs网恋 net bar网吧 shopping online网上购物 cyber chat网上聊天 virtual net虚拟网络 net partner网友 surf on the Internet网上冲浪 net citizen网民 cyberspace网络空间cyber college网络大学 convenient and effective方便有效 e-bank电子银行 kill time打发时间 information security信息安全 the popularity of computer电脑的普及 be addicted to对??上瘾 campus network校园网络 release one’s pressure减轻压力 e-mail电子邮箱 经典句式: ①No invention has received more praise and abuse than the Internet. 没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。 ②It is commonly thought that our society had been dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades. 人们普遍认为现代科技使我们的社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。 ③As a product of modern computer and the Internet, online games have become extremely popular among college students. 作为现代电脑和网络的产物,网络游戏已经在大学生中变得相当普及。 ④But as we see, some students lacking selfdiscipline are too much indulged in these games so that their health and academic performances are affected. 但是,正如我们看到的,一些缺乏自律的学生沉迷于网络游戏以至于影响了健康和学习。 ⑤More significantly, it does bring college students much pleasure and release their pressure greatly. 更重要的是,它能带给大学生们很多快乐并且极大地减轻压力。 3.体育健康类 相关话题:体育运动、节食减肥、吸烟、流行性疾病、心理疾病 热门词汇: lung cancer肺癌 smoking-related diseases抽烟引起的疾病 lose weight减肥 go on die节食 under the weather生病、不舒服 flight-headed头昏眼花 drowsy昏昏欲睡 flu流感epidemics瘟疫 rampant猖獗的 contract infections得传染病 pick up the habit养成这种习惯 physical and mental condition身体与精神状态 overweight/fat肥胖的 mentally unhealthy精神不健全的 be good for/do good to对??有益处 good living habits良好的生活习惯 take regular exercise进行有规律的运动 unhealthy eating habit不健康的饮食习惯 junk food垃圾食品 stay/keep healthy/fit保持健康 build up one’s body/improve one’s health强身健体 经典句式: ①Epidemics are rampant throughout the whole human history, and they have caused the most devastating impacts on us. 在整个人类历史上瘟疫肆虐,它们给我们带来了灾难性的影响。 ②For example, the outbreak of H1N1once killed lots of people and brought great economic loss to the whole country. 例如,H1N1甲型流感的爆发夺去了很多人的生命并且给整个国家带来了重大经济影响。 ③According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。 ④Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life. 孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活造成严重的影响。 ⑤In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself. 事实上,我们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。 4.生态环境类 相关话题:石油天然气紧缺、空气污染、自然灾害、太阳能的利用 热门词汇: population growth人口增长 global warming全球变暖depletion of the ozone layer臭氧层变薄 air pollution空气污染 water pollution水污染 noisy pollution噪音污染 endangered species濒临灭绝的物种 renewable resources可再生资源 protect forest resources保护森林资源 environmental racism环境歧视 energy production能源制造 ecological balance生态平衡 exert a disastrous effect on产生灾难性的影响 petroleum石油 pursue one’s short-term interest追求眼前利益 solar energy太阳能 habitat destruction and species extinction居住环境破坏与物种灭绝 for the future generations/for our descendants 为了子孙后代 raw materials原料 经典句式: ①As we know, over the past years, floods, droughts, landslides, and dust storms have frequented our planet. 正如我们所知,在过去的几年中,洪水、干旱、山体滑坡以及沙尘暴在世界上频繁发生。 ②A task of top priority for us is to plant trees as many as possible, especially in the arid areas.In the meanwhile, we are supposed to stop deforesting in large amount. 我们首要的任务就是尽可能多地植树造林,尤其是在那些干旱荒芜地区。同时,我们应该停止大量砍伐森林。 ③Please join us in the action of protecting our planet.If you are willing to do something to save our planet, please start from the little thing right around you. 请加入我们一起保护我们的地球。如果你愿意为我们的地球做一些事情的话,请从你身边的小事做起。 ④In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before. 考虑到这些严重的状况,我们比以往任何时候更需要像自行车这样的环保型交通工具。 ⑤We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。本  篇:《龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台》来源于:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 优秀范文,论文网站
    本篇网址:http://www.xielw.cn/2017/renkouzuowen_0704/703283.html
    Copyright © 龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 All Rights Reserved.
    龙8国际