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    时间:2017-07-08来源:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 本文已影响
    相关热词搜索:作文 英语 人口 人口老龄化英语作文 人口问题英语作文 篇一:有关人口生育词汇的中英文对照 有关人口生育词汇的中英文对照 常住人口 permanent population 流动人口 floating population 盲流 the unemployed migrant people 劳动力 labor force 外来工 migrant worker 临时工 seasonal worker 人口普查 census 人口基数 population base 人口稠密 densely populated 人口稀少 sparsely populated 人口爆炸 population explosion 人口过剩 overpopulation 出生率 birth rate 死亡率 mortality rate 自然增长率 natural growth rate 人口老化 aging of population 合法婚龄 legal age for marriage 结婚高峰 marriage boom 生育高峰 baby boom period 计划生育 family planning提倡优生优育,鼓励晚婚晚育 advocate healthy pregnancy and scientific nurture, and encourage late marriage and postponed child-bearing 破除重男轻女习俗 change attitude of viewing sons as better than daughters多子多福 the more sons, the more blessings 男尊女卑 Man is superior to woman 传宗接代 carry on the family line 养儿防老 bring up sons to support parents in their old age 避孕 contraception 人工流产 abortion(来自:www.XIelw.Com 写 论文网:有关人口的英语作文) 节育 birth control 产妇 lying-in women 婚前检查 premarriage health checkings 孕产妇死亡率 maternal mortality rate 婴儿死亡率 infant mortality rate 节育率(避孕率) contraceptive prevalence rate 总和生育率 total fertility rate(tfr) 平均预期寿命 life expectancy at birth 每年人口增加数 annual increment of the population 人口基数大 large population base 平均年增长数 average annual increase 平均年增长率 average annual growth rate 城市化 urbanization人口流动 movement of population 流动人口 floating population 人口老龄化 the aging of population 更替水平 population replacement level 社会保障体系 social security system 农村剩余劳力的转移 the transfer of rural surplus labors 正规的学校教育 formal school education 到去年年末,中国人口已达到11亿8千5百万,比上一年净增长1346万。 By the end of last year, the Chinese population had reached 1,185 million, a net increase of 13.34 million from a year ago. 计划生育政策符合中国国情,符合整个国家的利益。 The family control policy suits China’s basic conditions and serves the interests of the whole nation.篇二:九上英语人口问题作文 仁爱版九年级英语上册作文范文(关于人口问题) 作文:The Population Problem in China As we all know, China (is a developing country. It) has the largest population in the world with 1.3 billion. The large population causes many problems (for the whole nation). For example, there is less living space for each family. We are short of energy and water. In some cities, many young people can't find jobs. (And there is more pollution in China. ) The traffic is much heavier than before. Besides, (in some countrysides, people have no enough food, and )some children can’t get a good education. Luckily, our government has (taken many measures to solve the population problem. It has) already carried out the one-child policy to control the population. Thanks to the policy, China is developing quickly and people's living conditions are better. However, (the population problem is still serious. )We still have a long way to go. 众所周知,中国是个发展中国家。在世界上中国人口最多,有13亿。人口多(给整个国家)造成了许多问题。例如,每个家庭居住的面积更小了。能源和水的短缺。在有些城市,许多年轻人找不到工作。 (污染更多。)交通比之前更拥挤。(除此之外,在一些农村,人们没有足够的食物,孩子们不能受到良好的教育。) 幸运的是我们的政府已经(采取了很多措施来解决人口问题)实施了独生子女政策来控制人口数量。多亏了这项政策,中国正在迅速发展,人们的生活条件也更好。然而,(人口问题仍然很严峻)我们还有很长的路要走。篇三:高三英语作文:人口控制 Progress in science and the improvement of living conditions have led to the rapid growth of the world population. Modern medicine, for example, has made it possible for babies to grow up healthily and for people to live longer. With improved living conditions, particularly in the countryside, people tend to have larger families. As a result, the world population has increased so rapidly that it has now exceeded 6 billion. But the overgrowth of population presents a threat to the existence of human society. A large population demands a GREat deal of food supply and shelter space. However, limited productivity and scarce world resources can hardly meet the needs of the ever-increasing population. Thus, in the long run, the overgrowth of the world population will only harm mankind. To guarantee the steady development of human society, mankind must realize the consequences resulting from fast population growth and carry out a family planning programme. Only by adopting effective measures, can human society develop steadily and have a bright future.篇四:中考英语作文范文 人口问题 (二) 中考英语作文范文 人口问题 (二) 人口问题(The Problems of Large Population) It is reported that the world’s population was 6 billion in the year 2,000, and it is growing faster and faster. The world’s population problem is the greatest one because it brings lots of problems, such as water resources problem, more and more people losing their jobs and so on. These problems are mainly in the developing countries because the population of the developing countries is over 4/ 5 of the world’s popuation. So China, the largest developing country, has kept the policy “one couple, one child.”篇五:英语人口普查作文资料 写一篇80字的短文,谈谈你对人口增长问题的的看法。文章应包含以下内容: 1.2000年世界人口达到60亿,人口问题一直是世界上最大的问题 2.人口过多带来诸多问题 3.发展中国家人口占世界人口的4/5 4.中国采取一对夫妇只生一个孩子的政策。 要求:不能逐句翻译,语句应通畅。 提示词:policy,one,couple,one child 推荐答案 It is reported that the world’s population was 6 billion in the year 2,000, and it is growing faster and faster. The world’s population problem is the greatest one because it brings lots of problems, such as water resources problem, more and more people losing their jobs and so on. These problems are mainly in the developing countries because the population of the developing countries is over 4/ 5 of the world’s popuation. So China, the largest developing country, has kept the policy “one couple, one child.” 根据国家普查项目和周期安排的有关规定,国务院决定于2010年开展第六次全国人口普查。此次人口普查标准时点为11月1日零时,人口普查主要调查人口和住户的基本情况,内容包括:性别、年龄、民族、受教育程度、行业、职业、迁移流动、社会保障、婚姻生育、死亡、住房情况等。人口普查的对象是在中华人民共和国境内居住的自然人。 The growth of population during the past few centuries is no proof that population will continue to grow straight upward toward infinity and doom. On the contrary, demographic history offers evidence that population growth has not been at all constant. According to paleoecologist Edward Deevey, the past million years show three momentous changes. The first, a rapid increase in population around one m illion B. C., followed the innovations of tool making and tool using. But when the new power from the use of tools has been exploited, the rate of world population growth fell and became almost stable. The next rapid jump in population started perhaps 10,000 years ago, when mankind began to keep herds, plow and plant the earth. Once again when initial productivity gains had been absorbed, the rate of population growth abated. These two episodes suggest that the third great change, the present rapid growth, which began in the West between 250 and 350 years ago, may also slow down when, or if, technology begins to yield fewer innovations. Of course, the current knowledge revolution may continue without foreseeable end. Either way - contrary to popular belief in constant geometric growth - population can be expected in the long run to adjust to productivity. And when one takes this view, population growth is seen to represent economic progress and human triumph rather than social failure.我院定于2010年11月5日晚9点到十点半人口普查,请同学务必留在宿舍。 根据国家第六次全国人口普查工作相关部署,我校将于11月1日至10日开展第六次全国人口普查入户登记工作。 为圆满完成此次人口普查任务,学校高度重视,专门成立了中国人民大学第六次全国人口普查领导小组及办公室。根据“统一领导、分工负责”的工作原则,领导小组结合学校实际情况将普查工作做了详细安排。依据工作分工,党委学生工作部负责组织开展学生公寓的普查工作。现将本次人口普查(学生公寓部分)工作安排通知如下: 一、普查工作内容: 1、普查对象为全体住校本、硕、博学生。 2、普查工作以“户”为单位开展,每个学生宿舍即为一户。 3、每位学生必须真实填写《第六次全国人口普查短(长)表》,并签字确认。 4、普查公寓楼:东风5、6、7楼,红1、2、3楼,品园1、2、3、4、5、6楼,宜园3楼,知行1、2、3、4、5楼共18栋学生公寓楼(住在静园、宜园、林园等处的学生由社区负责普查)。 二、普查工作安排: 1、11月3—7日,各学院配合开展普查工作(具体时间安排见附件1);2、11月9—10日,学工部汇总普查数据。 三、普查工作要求: 1、为保证工作有序开展,请各学院确定专人负责联系和统筹本学院人口普查工作,并于11月3日11时前将该负责人名单电话报至党委学生工作部(62515533)。 2、各学院主管学生工作负责人要高度重视,积极动员各班班主任、班级辅导员做好宣传和协助工作,各学院指定的本次人口普查工作负责人要认真组织本院住校学生在指定普查入户登记时间内留在宿舍,全力配合普查人员(联系方式见附件2)进行入户普查登记工作,并确保信息真实无误。 3、对于普查工作期间有错过普查登记学生的学院,该学院须在11月10日前负责联系该同学完成普查工作。 4、对于普查期间工作不负责任的单位、个人和不配合入户登记普查的学生,学校将给予通报批评;对于造成工作重大失误的单位和个人,学校相关部门将给予相应处分,直至追究相应法律责任。 人口普查工作事关国家人口政策和经济社会发展规划,时间紧、任务重,请各学院务必认真配合开展普查工作,争取圆满完成我校普查任务。篇六:英语作文--人口老龄化 As is vividly revealed in the picture above, an increasing number of the population aging in the future. The picture reminds us of that it is increasing important problem of population aging. Undoubtedly, the symbolic subtly conveyed in the picture should be given deep consideration that it is high time that discus of population aging. There are many reasons that can contribute to the problem of population aging. One of the main reason seem to be the rapid development of science and technology. Another important reason is thatthe great improve of people’s life. It is universally acknowledged that the two reasons contributes to the problem of population aging. From what has been mentioned, we can come to the conclusion thatwe cannot emphasize the importance of aging too much.Only in this way can we solve the problem of population aging.篇七:关于人口老龄化 英语论文 绝对精髓 Think of the world population aging Abstract: Population aging is one of the world's population development tendency. Of the world's population aging and the aging of the population in developed countries the same time.,China's aging population has intensified. The aging of the population have is social progress and economic development. This paper will analysis about Chinese and American population ageing. But, the aging of the population has led to the burden of the working population growing problems affecting social and economic development, legal system and other material and the spirit of building the new requirements.So the 21 st century the aging of population across the world. Key worlds: Population old agePopulation burden Sustainable development 世界人口老龄化的思考 摘 要:在世界人口走向老龄化和发达国家人口老龄化发展的同时,中国人口老龄化也在加剧。人口老龄化的产生,正是社会进步、经济发展的结果。本文将通过对中国和美国的社会老龄化问题作出分析。然而,人口的老龄化就导致了劳动力人口负担不断增大的问题,影响了世界社会经济的发展,并对相应基础设施、法律制度等物质及精神各方面的建设提出了新的要求。 关键词:人口老龄化; 人口压力; 可持续发展; Outline Abstract (Chinese & English)1 . What is poplution aging? 1.1 Introduction Chinese aging problem 1.2 Introduction American aging problem 2 . Reason 2.1 The reason about Chinese aging problem 2.2 The reason about American aging problem 3.Solution 3.1 China solution 3.2 American solution 4. Conclusion 1. What is poplution aging? The problem of old age is known as one of the most serious problem in today's world. The old people can be seen everywhere. As is shown in the graph, the number of people in the world over the age of sixty will have increased to 600 million by theend of this century. And by the time, there will also be twice as many people over the age of eighty. In the ten years between 1970 and 1980, there was a 23.7% increase in the number of people aged over sixty-five in the industrial world, and an even bigger increase of 38.2% in the developing world. Figure 1. International comparison of average annual increase rates (%) of elderly populations 1.1 Introduction Chinese aging problem China formally became an aged society in 2000, when the population aged 60 or above accounted for 10 percent of its 1.3 billion people. China will pay dearly if it does not act now to build up an old-age social security system, as its population aged 80 or above will hit 83 million by 2050, a population expert has warned. Many countries will experience aging populations in the next century because of declining birth and mortality rates. China will soon join their ranks. According to statistics, the aging of China's population will approach its peak by the middle of the next century, with the percentage of the people aged beyond 60 making up 27.4 percent of the total. That means one out of every four people will be elderly. Trend of Population in ChinaAs for the issue of aging, its situation has been growing increasingly severe in spite of the fact most people are still ignorant of the problems it brings about. Firstly, with families becoming smaller and living pace escalating, it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. Secondly, aging causes a relative decline in working force in that fewer people have to support the increasing aged people. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society is affected to some extent. Thirdly and most importantly, the aging of population in China resulted from the successful implementation of family planning has not been synchronized with national economic progress. 1.2 Introduction American aging problem America is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4 out of every 100 people in the United States were 65 or older. Today, 10 out of every ]00 Americans are over 65. The aging of the population will affect American society in many ways - education, medicine, and business. The graying of America has made us a very different society ——one in which people have a quite different idea of what kind of behavior is suitable at various ages. The fiscal constraints related to aging are well known, caused mainly by spiraling healthcare and pension costs. However, the repercussions are much wider. In an aging society, labor markets, saving patterns and migration flows will change. Most worryingly, labor shortages, declining labor market flexibility and slowing productivity pose a serious threat to growth. 2 . Reason 2.1 The reason about Chinese aging problem In China, the number of people reaching retirement age is growing, while the number of working age people is declining. The number of people aged 80 and older is growing at a faster rate than any other age group worldwide. In the past three decades, a dramatic increase in life expectancy underpinned by the strict family planning policy prompted the greatest demographic transition in the world. During three decades of economic expansion, China's growing workforce added a"demographic dividend" of about 2 percent a year to GDP. With rapid aging, the situation has now reversed. The demographic dividend is vanishing, while the dependency ratio of children and elderly on the working age population is increasing. The labor force shrank for the first time in 2012. By 2050, about 30 percent of the population will be above 60, against a world average of 22 percent. Aging in China is particularly complex because it is happening at a low-income level. Social safety nets are weak, with most of the elderly depending on family support. Declining family size and the erosion of traditional values magnify the challenge and place a heavy burden on small households. 2.2 The reason about American aging problem In 1950, there were 12 people of working age for every person age 65 or older. In 2010, there are only 9 contributing to old age support in their countries. That means that here in the U.S., fewer people are contributing to Social Security and Medicare in proportion to the number of people needing and using those programs. EarthSky spoke with Carl Haub, a demographer at the Population Reference Bureau, a Washington D.C.- based think-tank, about why the population is getting older. He said it's because couples are having fewer children, on average. Carl Haub: If a couple has two children themselves, then they basically replace themselves. But if they have 1.2 or 1.3 or 1.4, every succeeding generation gets smaller and smaller.Haub said that some governments, such as Spain and Russia, have offered couples incentives to have more children. 3.Solution 3.1 China solution High-income countries have offset the losses caused by a declining workforce by adopting innovation-driven growth models. China could achieve the same by decisively rebalancing the economy, shifting to consumption-led growth and developing the services sector. First, support systems for the elderly require comprehensive reform. A program for old-age income support and healthcare is needed, financed through tax revenue. Financing should be based on accurate actuarial projections, with benefits and contributions designed to be sustainable. Initially the system could prioritize the elderly, poor and those with functional dependencies, rather than providing far costlier universal benefits. At a later stage, the coverage could be expanded. Second, labor markets need to be opened and the workforce expanded. The篇八:英语作文 人口老龄化 ? There are lots of social problems facing China nowadays, for example, an aging population. For those elderly, disabled people, they are often considered as a burden to the family & society. Do you agree? Explain why. Nowadays, the development of china surprised many people ,we can’t ignore some social problem in the process of it, such as aging population. It says that from 2011 to 2015, elderly people aged over 60 will increase 221 million, an average of 8.6 million annual. elderly proportion of the population increased from 13.3% to 16%, making huge demand pressure on social insurance and pension services. As for this situation, some elderly people are treated as burden by society and their family. Instead, they may cost a lot of money on food, clothing, medical care and medication, etc. On the contrary, they need to spend a lot of time to accompany them. Thus their families don't have enough time to rest and work. In addition, because older person often feel lonely, they require family members to spend a lot of time to accompany them, thus rendering their families don't have enough events to rest and work. However, I don’t agree with that. In my eyes, elderly people should not be seen as burden on the family and society. At first, when older people are young, they made greatcontributions to their families in their golden times. Without their care, their children can not make any achievement .without their hard work, we can’t see Chinese situation now. Return is the gift of pay. So, it is reasonable foe elderly people to get care from society and families. Besides, china is a ritual of ceremony, always focusing on filial piety. As a child, it is their responsible to take good care of their parents. In ancient China, there is a man called Wang Xiang. When his stepmother would like to eat live carp in winter, he took off his clothes and lied on the ice of river to melt the ice. In modern times, Moving China People 2011 candidate Meng Peijie look after her adoptive mother for 12 years when her adoptive mother can not move any more. From ancient times to the present, millions of people’s actions tell us elderly people is not burden. It is our duty and obligation to care the elderly. It is the basic criteria in being a human. To sum up, older people should not be treated as burden. They need love. They need us. We should make our best to make sure they have a good time in their old age. After all, we will be old sooner or later.篇九:关于第六次人口普查英文版I will give a specific presentation about the sixth census. My presentation consists of five groups of figures. First, the latest numbers, released on April th28 and based on the nationwide census conducted last year, show a total population for mainland China of 1.34 billion. Second, the numbers revealed a sleep decline in the average annual population growth rate, down to 0.57%, while in the previous decade, the rate was 1.07%. Third, the total fertility rate had been 5.8 in 1950. The rate had declined sharply to 2.3 by 1980. Now the rate is just 1.4. As to fertility rate, there is a standard named replacement. The replacement rate should be 2.1. We can see today’s rate is far below the replacement rate. Forth, people above the age of 60 now represent 13.3% of the total, under the age of 14 declined to 17%. With the development of our country’s economy and health care system, the order can live longer and longer. The more oldgeneration, the less young generation. The whole society is likely to face the ageing of population. Fifth, our country has a traditional gender discrimination. Many families would do whatever they must to ensure that their one permissible child is a son. The new census data show that among newborns, there were more than 118 boys for every 100 girls. These figures imply that in about 20 or 25 years, there will not be enough brides for almost a fifth of today’s baby boys.本  篇:《龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台》来源于:龙8国际_龙8娱乐_龙8国际娱乐平台 优秀范文,论文网站
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